Unmasking Acne: Understanding the Basics and Causes

Navigating the challenges of acne requires more than just quick fixes; it demands a deep understanding of the condition. At Aesthetics Now, serving Markham and Toronto, Ontario, we are dedicated to guiding you through the complexities of acne treatment and prevention. By delving into the essentials and exploring the array of solutions available, we aim to assist you in achieving healthier, clearer skin.

What Is Acne?

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It often appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, but it affects people of all ages.

What Are the Different Types of Acne?

Acne presents in various forms, each with unique characteristics and underlying causes. It typically results from clogged hair follicles. The most common types include comedones, which are further classified into open (blackheads) and closed (whiteheads) varieties.

Inflammatory acne encompasses papules and pustules, which are reddish, swollen bumps often containing pus due to bacterial infections. More severe forms include nodules and cysts, which are deep, painful, and pus-filled lesions that can lead to scarring. Recognizing these different types is crucial for devising targeted treatment plans to effectively manage and treat acne.

What Are the Causes of Acne?

The causes of acne are multifactorial, involving a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. Here are some of the leading causes:

Excess Oil Production

The skin’s sebaceous glands produce an oily substance called sebum, which helps moisturize the skin. In some individuals, these glands can produce too much sebum, leading to oily skin. Excess sebum mixed with dead skin cells can clog pores and create an environment where acne-causing bacteria can thrive.

Clogged Pores

The skin constantly sheds dead cells to make way for new ones. Sometimes, these dead cells don’t shed properly and can accumulate on the skin’s surface and inside the pores. This buildup can mix with sebum and block pores, leading to the formation of acne.


Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a type of bacteria that naturally lives on the skin. When pores are clogged with sebum and dead skin cells, these bacteria can multiply rapidly, causing inflammation and swelling. The immune system’s response to this bacterial overgrowth can result in the red, swollen bumps characteristic of acne.

Hormonal Changes

Hormones, particularly androgens, can increase during puberty, causing the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum. Hormonal changes related to menstruation, pregnancy, and the use of oral contraceptives can also affect sebum production. These fluctuations can lead to the development of acne in susceptible individuals.


Certain foods, such as dairy products and foods high in refined sugars, may trigger or worsen acne in some people. These foods can cause spikes in insulin levels, which may increase sebum production and inflammation. However, the relationship between diet and acne is complex and varies from person to person.


Stress can trigger the release of cortisol and other hormones that can increase oil production in the skin. Prolonged stress can also disrupt the balance of bacteria on the skin, potentially worsening acne. Managing stress through relaxation techniques and lifestyle changes may help reduce acne severity.


Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, lithium, and androgens, can cause acne as a side effect. These drugs can alter hormone levels or increase oil production in the skin.


A family history of acne can increase the likelihood of developing the condition. Genetic factors can influence how the skin responds to hormonal changes and how susceptible it is to inflammation. Identical twins are more likely to have similar acne patterns, suggesting a strong genetic component.


Some cosmetics, especially those that are oil-based or comedogenic (pore-clogging), can contribute to acne. Choosing non-comedogenic, oil-free, and non-acnegenic products is important to reduce the risk of clogging pores.

What Are Some of the Treatments We Provide for Acne?

At Aesthetics Now, we understand that acne is not just a superficial concern but a complex skin condition that demands a personalized and multifaceted approach to treatment. Our comprehensive suite of acne treatments is designed to address the unique needs and challenges of each individual’s skin.

Vascular & Pigmentation Laser Treatment for Acne

One of our specialized treatments is vascular and pigmentation laser treatment, which uses advanced laser technology to target and reduce the appearance of acne-related redness and pigmentation. This treatment can help to even out skin tone and improve the overall appearance of acne-prone skin.

Radiofrequency Microneedling for Acne

This treatment combines the benefits of microneedling with radiofrequency energy to stimulate collagen production and promote skin healing. It is particularly effective for reducing acne scars and improving skin texture.

Skincare for Acne

We can provide a personalized skincare routine designed to suit your unique skin type and address your specific concerns. This regimen may include selecting gentle cleansers, effective exfoliants, and hydrating moisturizers to manage acne and promote overall skin health.

Get Personalized Acne and Acne Scar Treatments in Markham & Toronto, Ontario

Gaining a thorough understanding of acne is the foundational step toward addressing it effectively. At Aesthetics Now, we are committed to offering personalized care in Markham and Toronto, Ontario. Whether you’re exploring general acne treatment options or pursuing acne scar removal, we are prepared to assist you in navigating the journey to healthier skin.

If you are ready to address your acne with a personalized approach, schedule a consultation with us. Let’s develop a treatment plan tailored to your skin’s needs, helping you move toward healthier, clearer skin. Contact us online or dial (905) 605-6745 to book your consultation today.

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